Being able to hear the individual sounds in words is a critical reading skill. When experienced readers see a new word, they search the word for patterns that are familiar to them from other words that they know. They know that words with the same vowels and ending letters usually rhyme, and they can use this information to help them decode a new word.
For example, imagine your kindergartner comes upon the word “spine.” She must do several things:
1) Realize that this is a new word, and look at each letter carefully.
2) Ask herself if she knows any other words that are like this one.
3) Think of all the words she know, searching for those that end with the “-ine” sound.
4) Use the new words, like nine or fine, and try and pronounce the new word like those words.
5) Read the sentence again to check if that pronunciation makes sense for their sentence.
This is a pretty complex process, and your kindergartner or first grader might get a little confused at any one of these stages. You can, however, help him be a more efficient reader by giving him a “bank” of rhyming words that he can later use to figure out new words.
This game is great for helping children build up their own personal store of rhyming words. It can be played alone, or with another child if they take turns.
Pictures of various rhyming words .Here of some of the most common rhyming patterns:
-ack -ap -est -ing -ot
-ail -ash -ice -ip -uck
-ain -at -ick -it -ug
-ake -ate -ide -ock -ump
-ale -aw -ight -oke
-ame -ay -ill -op
-an -eat -in -ore
-ank -ell -ine -ink
Store the pictures for each set of word endings in an envelope with the ending written on the outside.
How to Play the Game:
1) Choose two word endings.
2) Put all the pictures in front of your child, and mix them up.
3) Have your child pick one card, and name it.
4) Instruct your child to find a picture card that matches with the card they have.
5) Continue matching the cards until all cards are used.
-You can make this game harder by adding 3 or even 4 word endings at a time.
- You can make this game even harder by choosing only 2 picture cards for each category.
-If your child is reading, you can add cards that have a new word on them, and have your child find the picture card with the same word pattern.
-You can cut out pictures all together, and use word cards instead. Buy or make letter cards in red and blue. Have your child choose two word cards with the same pattern. Let them build the words: the letters that are unique to that word should be built with the blue letter cards. The letters that are the same for both words should be built with the red letter cards. Each word card should be built directly under the same word.
Let your child continue until they’ve covered all of the word cards. They can also copy the words into a notebook after they build them, using two different colored pens.